In a written response to Rajya Sabha, Minister of State for Food and Consumer Affairs Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti said India’s ranking was 101st in the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2021 established by Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe.
Nepal and Bangladesh are ranked 76th and Pakistan is in 92nd place, she said.
According to the GHI report, India’s composite GHI scores have increased from 38.8 in 2000 to 27.5 in 2021. Thus, the country has shown steady improvement over the years.
The calculation of the GHI is based on four indicators – undernourishment, stunting in children, wasting and infant mortality. The Global Hunger Index (GHI) does not reflect the true picture of the child. ‘India because it is a flawed measure of “hunger”, “Jyoti said.
Only one indicator, undernourishment, is directly linked to hunger, she added.
“The two indicators, namely stunting and wasting, are the result of complex interactions of various other factors such as sanitation, genetics, environment and the use of outside food intake. of hunger which is considered to be the causative factor / result of stunting and wasting in GHI.
“In addition, there is virtually no evidence that the fourth indicator, namely infant mortality, is the result of hunger,” the minister said.
Sadhvi pointed out that the government enacted the National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013 which provides for coverage of up to 75 percent of the rural population and up to 50 percent of the urban population, thus addressing to reducing hunger in the lower 67 percent of the population, which at the 2011 census is at a maximum of 81.35 crore people.
The identification of beneficiaries under the law is done in two categories: households covered by Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) and priority households.
Priority households are entitled to receive 5 kg of food grains per person per month and AAY households are entitled to receive 35 kg per household per month at Rs 1 to 3 per kg for coarse grains / wheat / rice respectively .
“The law operates transparently in all states and territories of the Union. Coverage under the law is considerably high to ensure that all vulnerable and needy sections of society benefit,” she said. declared.
The Center has also issued advisories to all states to identify and cover weaker sections of society under the TPDS (Targeted Public Distribution System) and launch special campaigns to issue them with ration cards until NFSA’s respective coverage limits, the minister added.
Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PMGKAY), a program where beneficiaries covered by the NFSA receive 5 kg of additional food grains free of charge per person per month, has been extended for an additional four months, i.e. from December 2021 to March 2022, she Underlined.